Occupy Wall Street and the New American Revolution
“You say you want a revolution….well, you know…..we’d all love to see the plan.”
Will the Revolution spread to America?
While America and Americans may have inspired the revolutions in North Africa and the Middle East, the toppling of dictators and tyrants became their well-defined and articulated goal after their original demands for mild reforms were responded with arrests, tourture and death. Now in six months in and no let up in sight, with three down, there's still more to go. There are many countries in the thrones of revolution at the moment - Syria, Yemen and Bahrain to name three - and like Tunisia, Egypt and Libya, clear and decisive victory came with the removal of the regime and the promise of democracy.
When people in democracies protest - primarily the same demographic groups who instigated the original unrest in North Africa and the Middle East - and for the same original economic and cronyism reasons - they are not violently suppressed and are less newsworthy.
Non-violent protests by hundreds of thousands of people in Spain and Greece held rallies, few people outside of the country even took notice, and when the Occupy Wall Street protesters first began their occupation, there was little if any mainstream media coverage. That only came after the NYPD pepper sprayed a group of girls that was placed on the internet at Youtube. Then all of a sudden it became a story, and more people joined them, following the script as it played out in Tunisia and Egypt, so far.
It seems the young, women and especially college educated unemployed, like Mohamid Bouazizi, who started it all, are inspired by the success of the Arab revolutions, and even though they already have some sense of real democracy, they want to use the same tactics to achieve other strategic and previously thought to be unattainable goals, like economic and social justice.
In a sense the Arab revolutionaries are fighting for democracy, freedom, liberty and justice, the same ideals for which the American revolution was fought.
In the middle of the Libyan revolution - three months in, people were talking about it now being protracted, bogged down and in a stalemate, and peace had to be acquired with a truce with Gadhaifi, at the cost of justice. But justice prevailed, so far, and it will soon be time to try to build a new democracy, which will be an education for everyone.
As Lori Spencer points out in this article, the American revolution took twenty years to fester, began with the revolutionaries a decided minority, took eight years to fight, two years to settle the terms and two more to settle on a constitution.
So for a revolution to be only six months old, and have achieved so much, we must anticipate that this is just the beginning, and that it will not last another six months but could continue for another six years, depending on the endurance of the dictators and the compassion of the police states.
But will the Arab Revolution spread to America? If so, it must not only refine its goals, but figure out a way to bring economic and social justice to everybody.
Occupying America: Sowing the Seeds of a Second American Revolution
By Lori Spencer
"There are combustibles in every state which a spark might set fire to."
-- George Washington's letter to General Henry Knox concerning the
Shay's Rebellion, 1786
One month ago, a group of some 1000 demonstrators gathered in Manhattan's Zuccotti Park to protest the pillaging of the nation's economy by powerful corporations and international houses of high finance. While these young activists were entirely peaceful, they also made it clear that this would be no hippie-dippy flower-twirling love-in, sit-in, teach-in, or even a camp-in; this was an occupation. The demonstrators announced that they intended to Occupy Wall Street 24/7, stayinguntil hell freezes over if need be.
The New York City police welcomed them warmly with pepper spray and more than a few violent smack-downs, even going so far as to arrest some 700 protesters on the Brooklyn Bridge who werelured into a position where they could be charged with blocking traffic.
After video of these outrages went viral on the Internet, a wave of righteous indignation swept the land. Hastily-formed Occupy groups proclaiming themselves in solidarity with the NYC protesters began to spring up in big cities and small towns across America. At first it was just a handful: 20-30 groups in the first week, growing to a few hundred in the second week, then rapidly mushrooming to today's current total of 1,947 cities around the globe.
The most common critique leveled against the Occupy demonstrators is that they don't seem to have a plan. "Disorganized," "unfocused," and "aimless" are buzzwords the movement's detractors --both liberal and right-wing -- like to toss around. Last week former President Bush's key political adviser Karl Rove cynically opined in the Wall Street Journal that Democrats should distance themselves from the Occupy Wall Street movement to avoid alienating potential voters in 2012.
And it's true that even those Americans who are in fact part of the 99% and generally support OWS's principles are themselves unclear as to what the protesters ultimately want and how exactly they are going to accomplish it. What are their demands? How long are they going to keep this up? Have they proposed any concrete solutions? But that's an awful lot of pressure to put upon a spontaneous social movement that is only little over a month old.
Certainly these are valid questions. In defense of the revolutionaries, though, remember that the last time we had a revolution in this country , it took 20 years to start it, eight years to fight it, and still another six years to fully secure and implement a new government. If the Occupy movement is indeed the genesis of a Second American Revolution , we should not expect its progenitors to simply cough up a prefabricated quick fix. After all, if our elected representatives couldn't seem to figure out how to correct the country's multitude of problems over a few decades, is it reasonable to expect a loosely-organized band of citizen activists to offer the solutions within just a few months? We may be sowing the seeds of a revolution now, but let's not forget that it usually takes many years to reap the harvest.
History shows that revolutions do not occur overnight. Reasonable humans always prefer to work out their differences through lawful avenues and communication whenever possible. It is only after many years of futile petitioning that the oppressed are left with no other choice but to revolt.
Some 236 years ago, the American colonists signed a Declaration of Independence -- prepared to back it up through force of arms if necessary -- but that unforgiving line in the sand was only drawn after 22 years of peaceful attempts to negotiate with Britain had failed.
The seeds of the American Revolution were planted not in 1776, but in 1754 during the French and Indian War. Colonists became further disenchanted when taxes were levied upon them to pay the costs of that war. A number of other encroachments added fuel to the fire: restrictions on settlement of the West, increased duties on imported goods, the Stamp Act, the banning of colonial currency, outlawing town meetings, quartering British troops among the citizenry, and closing Boston Harbor, just to name a few. Discontent festered for nearly 20 years whilst the Loyalists and Patriots argued amongst themselves as to whether or not they dared to overthrow British rule.
When the first armed conflict of the Revolutionary War began on April 19, 1775, only one-third of colonists supported the cause.
The Declaration of Independence was adopted by the Second Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, but it took another year for all the delegates to actually sign their John Hancocks, quite literally putting their lives on the line for what they believed in. Although the final battle was fought in 1782, the state of war did not formally end until the Treaties of Paris and Versailles were ratified in 1784.
The U.S. Constitution was written in 1787 but was not ratified until 1789. This delay was the result of ongoing debate between Federalists and Anti-Federalists over just how much power the new national government should have.
Debates were so heated in fact that they frequently turned into armed skirmishes, standoffs, and deadly showdowns with authorities. One resonant example was Shay's Rebellion, a populist uprising of debt-ridden New England farmers who had served their country in the war, only to come home and have their lands foreclosed upon. (A scenario all too familiar for today's veterans of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, as well as the returned veterans of practically every war in the 20th century.).
"You say you want a revolution...well, you know...we'd all love to see the plan."
-- The Beatles, "Revolution"