Sunday, August 14, 2011

Libyan Revolution Time Line

Rebel fighters wave tricolor flags after recent advances on Saturday in Az-Zawiyah and Gharyan

1959: Discovery of oil turns one of the poorest countries into one of the richest.
Sept. 1, 1969: Gadhafi leads military coup.

April 5, 1986: Terrorist bombing at West Berlin disco frequented by U.S. military kills three, wounds 229. U.S. retaliates with rocket attacks on Gadhafi's residence, other targets; reports say 45-60 people killed.

Dec. 21, 1988:Pan Am Flight 103 explodes over Lockerbie, Scotland, killing 259 people onboard, 11 on the ground. Explosive is traced to Libya, leading to U.S. and U.N. sanctions in 1992.

April 5, 1999: Two Libyan officials are turned over to Scottish authorities for trial. Sanctions are suspended.

Dec. 19, 2003: Libya promises to eliminate weapons of mass destruction and nuclear programs, which eventually leads to full diplomatic relations between U.S. and Libya.
Aug. 20, 2009: Scotland's government frees Lockerbie bomber Abdel Baset al-Megrahi after doctors say he is likely to die of cancer within three months. He is still alive.

Feb. 16-18, 2011: Pro-democracy protesters take control of several eastern cities, including Benghazi, the second largest. Gadhafi forces kill dozens of protesters.

Feb. 27: Libyan opposition announces the formation of a Transitional National Counc
il to rule rebel-held east.

March 18: U.N. Security Council backs a no-fly zone over Libya and "all necessary measures" to protect civilians. U.S. leads NATO airstrikes destroying anti-air defences, then other NATO countries take the lead.

July 15: President Obama recognizes the Transitional National Council as Libya's legal government.

July 27: Abdel-Fattah Younis, former Libyan interior minister who defected to lead rebel forces, is killed in custody of another rebel faction.

Aug. 22: Rebel forces enter Tripoli.

Reported by Oren Dorell. Sources: State Department, CIA World Factbook, Victims of Flight 103 Inc., the Associated Press

REUTERS - Here is a timeline on the revolt in Libya since the first protests against the rule of Muammar Gaddafi began in February:

Feb 15/16, 2011 - A riot in Benghazi is triggered by the arrest of human rights activist Fethi Tarbel, who has worked to free political prisoners, Quryna newspaper reports.

Feb. 17 - Activists designate a day of rage. It is the anniversary of 2006 clashes in Benghazi when security forces killed protesters attacking the city's Italian consulate.

Feb. 24 - Anti-Libyan government militias take control of Misrata after evicting forces loyal to Gaddafi.

Feb. 26 - The U.N. Security Council imposes sanctions on Gaddafi and his family, and refers Libya's crackdown on rebels to the International Criminal Court (ICC).

Feb. 28 - EU governments approve a package of sanctions against Gaddafi and his closest advisers including an arms embargo and bans on travel to the bloc.

March 5 - The National Council meets in Benghazi and declares itself sole representative for Libya.

March 10 - France recognises the Libyan National Council as the legitimate representative of Libya's people. Libya suspends diplomatic relations with France the next day.

March 16 - Forces loyal to Gaddafi are near rebel-held Benghazi. Gaddafi's son Saif al-Islam tells France-based TV channel Euronews: "Everything will be over in 48 hours."

March 17 - The U.N. Security Council votes to authorise a no-fly zone over Libya and "all necessary measures" -- code for military action -- to protect civilians against Gaddafi's army.

March 19 - The first air strikes halt the advance of Gaddafi's forces on Benghazi and target Libya's air defences.

March 28 - Qatar becomes the first Arab country to recognise Libya's rebels as the people's legitimate representative.

March 29 - A London conference of 40 governments and organisations agrees to set up a contact group comprising 20 countries to coordinate efforts in a post-Gaddafi Libya.

March 30 - Libyan Foreign Minister Moussa Koussa defects and flies to Britain.

April 10 - Gaddafi accepts a roadmap for ending the conflict, South African President Jacob Zuma says after leading a delegation of four African leaders at talks in Tripoli. Rebels reject the plan the next day.

April 30 - A NATO missile attack on a house in Tripoli kills Gaddafi's youngest son and three grandchildren.

May 13 - The National Transitional Council (NTC) names officials to portfolios to set up an effective administration.

May 30 - In his first appearance in a month, Gaddafi renews a ceasefire call in talks with visiting South African President Zuma but gives no sign he will heed demands to step down.

June 1 - Libya's top oil official Shokri Ghanem appears in Rome, saying he defected after the relentless bloodshed.

June 8 - Western and Arab nations meet rebels in Abu Dhabi discussing what U.S. officials call the "end-game" for Gaddafi.

June 15 - Libya approves a $31.4 billion budget for the rest of 2011, to show it is functioning as normal.

June 27 - The ICC issues arrest warrants for Gaddafi, his son Saif al-Islam and intelligence chief Abdullah al-Senussi, charged with crimes against humanity.

July 14 - Gaddafi, in his latest speech on Libyan television, says he is staying put. "I will fight until the end," he said. "The end of NATO will be in Libya."

July 15 - Rebel leaders win recognition as the legitimate government of Libya from the U.S. at a meeting in Turkey of the international contact group on Libya. Western nations also say they will increase military pressure on Gaddafi's forces.

July 16 - A rare meeting between U.S diplomats and Gaddafi envoys is held "to deliver a clear and firm message that the only way to move forward, is for Gaddafi to step down".

July 26 - U.N. envoy Abdul Elah al-Khatib says after talks with Libya's prime minister, the government and the rebels remain far apart in efforts to end the crisis.

July 27 - Rebels win diplomatic recognition from Britain which also expels the remaining Gaddafi diplomats from London.

July 28 - Abdel Fattah Younes, Gaddafi's former interior minister who defected to the rebels on Feb. 22 and became their military chief, is killed.

July 30 - NATO says it has bombed satellite dishes in Tripoli to stop "terror broadcasts" by Gaddafi, but state TV remains on air, condemning what it says is the targeting of journalists.

Aug 9 - Gaddafi's government accuses NATO of killing 85 civilians, in an air strike near Zlitan, west of Misrata.

Aug 11 - Libyan rebels say they have captured part of the oil town of Brega -- Gaddafi's forces still hold western parts of the town where the oil facilities are located.

Aug 14 - Libyan rebels hoist their flag in the centre of Zawiyah, near Tripoli, cutting the coastal highway to Tunisia which keeps the capital supplied with food and fuel.

(Writing by David Cutler, Editing by Rosalind Russell, London Editorial Reference Unit)

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