Wednesday, January 23, 2013

Benghazi Chronology/Timeline

Since the Sept. 11 assault on the U.S. Consulate in Benghazi, which left Ambassador Christopher Stevens and three other Americans dead, questions have persisted over what happened that night, whether there was adequate security at the compound and the manner in which the Obama administration initially characterized the attack.

Below is an account, compiled by CBS News, from sources who spoke to us in Washington and Benghazi about the attack in that eastern Libyan city and the investigation that followed.

Security Incidents Prior to the Benghazi Attack

December 2011: Terror plot thwarted, but Benghazi emergency plan warns of many Islamic terrorists still operating in area.
March 2012: U.S. Embassy in Tripoli lead security officer, RSO Eric Nordstrom, requests additional security but later testified he received no response.
April 10, 2012: An explosive device is thrown at a convoy carrying U.N. envoy Ian Martin.
May 22, 2012: A rocket-propelled grenade hits the offices of the International Red Cross.
June 6, 2012: An IED explodes outside the Benghazi consulate compound.
June 11, 2012: An RPG hits a convoy carrying the British Ambassador. The U.K. closes its consulate. Col. Wood, military Site Security Team (SST) commander, is in Benghazi, and helps with emergency response.
July 2012: RSO Nordstrom again requests additional security (perhaps via cable signed by Amb. Stevens dated July 9, see below).
July 9, 2012: Amb. Stevens sends a cable requesting continued help from military SST and State Dept. MSD (Mobile Security Deployment team) through mid-Sept. 2012, saying that benchmarks for a drawdown have not been met. The teams are not extended.

Early August: State Dept. removes the last of three 6-man State Dept. security teams and a 16-man military SST team from Libya.
August 2, 2012: Ambassador Stevens sends a cable to D.C. requesting "protective detail bodyguard postions" -- saying the added guards "will fill the vaccum of security personnel currently at post... who will be leaving with the next month and will not be replaced." He called "the security condition in Libya ... unpredictable, volatile and violent."
August 8, 2012: A cable from Amb. Stevens to D.C. says "a series of violent incidents has dominated the political landscape" and calls them "targeted and discriminate attacks."
Aug. 27, 2012: The State Department issues a travel warning for Libya citing the threat of assassination and car bombings in Benghazi/Tripoli.

Timeline of 9/11 Consulate Attack As It Unfolds

September 11, 2012: 9:43 a.m. Benghazi time (3:43 ET): Amb. Stevens sent cables to D.C., including a Benghazi weekly report of security incidents reflecting Libyans' "growing frustration with police and security forces who were too weak to keep the country secure."

Hours before the assault, nearly 750 miles away in Cairo, events were taking shape that would inform the early narrative surrounding the events in Benghazi:

Around 12:00 p.m. (6:00 a.m. ET): The U.S. Embassy in Cairo releases a statement on its website disavowing a YouTube film named "Innocence of Muslims," which mocks the Prophet Mohammad. Later that afternoon, protesters who had gathered outside the embassy compound stormed the gates and tore the American flag down, replacing it with a black Salafist flag.

Around 9:00 p.m. (3:00 p.m. ET): In the walled Benghazi compound, U.S. Ambassador J. Christopher Stevens says good night to the Turkish Ambassador Ali Kemal Aydin and retires to his room in Building C, a large residence with numerous bedrooms and a safe haven.

There are three other structures in the compound: Building B, a residence with bedrooms and a cantina and dining room; a Tactical Operations Center (TOC) located across from building B, containing offices, one bedroom and security cameras; and barracks located by the front gate, staffed by Libyan security guards.

At this time, there are five diplomatic security agents (DS) on site - three based in Benghazi and two traveling with Stevens. According to a U.S. State Department account given Oct. 9 there was "nothing unusual outside of the gates."

9:40 p.m. (3:40 p.m. ET): Gunfire and an explosion are heard. A TOC agent sees dozens of armed people over security camera flowing through a pedestrian gate at the compound's main entrance. It is not clear how the gate was opened.

The agent hits the alarm and alerts the CIA security team in the nearby annex and the Libyan 17th of February Brigade, one of several powerful militias serving as a de facto security presence in Benghazi. The embassy in Tripoli and the State Dept. command center were also alerted.

State Dept. Diplomatic Security follows events in real time on a listen-only, audio-only feed, according to testimony of Charlene Lamb, the deputy assistant director for international programs, given before the House Oversight and Government Reform Committee on Oct 10.

Around 10 p.m. (4 p.m. ET): At the compound, several DS agents leave to get tactical gear from Building B. One stays in Building C with Ambassador Stevens and Information Officer Sean Smith. The mob sets fire to the 17th of February Brigade barracks on site.

DS agent Scott Strickland moves Stevens and Smith to the closest area "safe haven" in Building C.

The other agents, currently in Building B and the TOC come under attack.

The attackers gets into Building C, lights furniture on fire, then the building's exterior. Stevens, Smith and Agent Strickland move to the bathroom and lay on floor but decide to leave safe haven after being overcome by smoke.

Strickland goes out an emergency escape window. Stevens and Smith do not follow. Strickland returns several times but can't find them in the overwhelming smoke. He goes up to the roof and radios the other agents.

Three agents return to Building C via armored vehicle. They search and find Smith's body, but not Stevens.

Secretary of State Hillary Clinton is told of the incident "shortly after it began at 4 p.m.," CBS News' Margaret Brennan reported Sept. 14. Clinton spoke to the Libyan President Mohammed Magariaf to "enlist his full support."

Meanwhile, the U.S. military began moving an unarmed drone over Benghazi to provide real-time intelligence to the CIA team on the ground. It would take roughly an hour to arrive.

10:05 p.m. (4:05 p.m. ET): An alert from the State Department Operations Center is issued to a number of government and intelligence agencies, including the White House Situation Room, the office of the Director of National Intelligence, and the FBI. "US Diplomatic Mission in Benghazi Under Attack" -- "approximately 20 armed people fired shots; explosions have been heard as well. Ambassador Stevens, who is currently in Benghazi, and four COM (Chief of Mission/embassy) personnel are in the compound safe haven."

10:25 p.m. (4:25 p.m. ET): A six-member CIA team arrives from the annex with 40 to 60 members of 17th of February Brigade. The team removes Smith's body.
Around 10:30 p.m. (4:30 p.m. ET): Defense Secretary Leon Panetta and his top military adviser learn of the incident.
10:54 p.m. (4:54 p.m. ET): An alert from the State Dept. Operations Center: "the firing... in Benghazi has stopped. A response team is on site attempting to locate COM personnel."
11 p.m. (5 p.m. ET): Just ahead of the weekly meeting with Defense Secretary Leon Panetta and Chairman of Joint Chiefs Martin Dempsey, White House National Security Advisor Tom Donilon tells President Obama of the attack and the fire at the main villa. The president and those officials discuss possible responses to the situation.
At the compound, the 17th of February Brigade says they can't hold the perimeter and withdraws.
DS agents make final search for Stevens and leave with the CIA team in an armored vehicle heading for the annex, taking fire along the way.

Of note, when CBS News' Elizabeth Palmer visited the compound in one of several trips to Libya, she found little evidence of an extensive firefight at the compound's walls and main gate, likely indicating the fiercest fighting occurred away from the compound.
Midnight (6 p.m. ET) Agents arrive at the annex, which receives sporadic small-arms fire and RPG rounds over a roughly 90-minute period. The security team returns fire and the attackers disperse.

Over the next two hours, Sec. Panetta holds a series of meetings and issues several orders: Two Fleet Antiterrorism Security Team (FAST) platoons stationed in Rota, Spain prepare to deploy - one to Benghazi and the other to the Embassy in Tripoli; A special operations team in Europe is ordered to move to Sigonella, Sicily - less than one hour's flight away from Benghazi; An additional special operations team based in the U.S. is ordered to deploy to Sigonella.

12:07 a.m. (6:07 p.m. ET): An alert from the State Dept. Operations Center states that the U.S. Embassy in Tripoli reports the Islamic military group "Ansar al-Sharia Claims Responsibilty for Benghazi Attack"... "on Facebook and Twitter and has called for an attack on Embassy Tripoli."

Around 12:30 a.m. (6:30 p.m. ET): A six-man security team, including two Defense Dept. personnel, leave Embassy Tripoli for Benghazi.

1:30 a.m. (7:30 p.m. ET): The U.S. security team from Embassy Tripoli lands in Benghazi and learn that the ambassador is missing. They try to arrange for transportation into town, with the goal of locating Stevens.

4:07 a.m. (10:07 p.m. ET): Secretary Clinton issues a statement acknowledging the death of one State Dept. officer.

5:00 a.m. (11:00 p.m.): A second U.S. Predator drone arrives to relieve the first.
5:15 a.m. (11:15 p.m. ET): The U.S. Regional Security Office in Tripoli gets a phone call from an Arabic-speaking source who says a Westerner has been found in Benghazi and is perhaps at a hospital. It's believed to be Ambassador Stevens. Transfer to airport is arranged.

At around the same time, the additional security team finds transportation from the airport under the escort of the Libyan Shield, another local militia, but decides to head to the annex after learning that Stevens was almost certainly dead. Just after their arrival, the annex takes mortar fire, sustaining three direct hits. The precision of the attacks indicates a level of sophistication and coordination.

Former U.S. Navy SEALs Tyrone Woods and Glen Doherty are killed in the mortar assault, which lasts just 11 minutes before dissipating; a DS agent and annex security member are severely wounded.

After the mortar attack, about 30 Americans evacuate the annex and head to the airport, with the assistance of the Libyan security convoy.

Ambassador Stevens is confirmed dead later that morning, as Americans see his body at the airport

Around 7:40 a.m. (1:40 a.m. ET): Unable to fit on one plane, the first wave of Americans - consisting of U.S. diplomats and civilians - departs Benghazi and heads to Tripoli, leaving behind security staff and bodies.
Around 10:00 a.m. (4 a.m. ET): The second flight leaves Benghazi for Tripoli with U.S. security members and bodies.
President Obama is told of Stevens' death. State Department tells all diplomatic posts around the world to review their security posture and to take all necessary steps to enhance it
Around 7 p.m. (1 p.m. ET): Americans are transported out of Tripoli on a C-17 military aircraft, heading for Ramstein, Germany.
Around 8 p.m. (2 p.m. ET): U.S. special forces team arrives in Sigonella, Sicily, becoming the first military unit in the region.
Around 9 p.m. (3 p.m. ET): A FAST platoon arrives in Tripoli.
10:19 p.m. (4:19 p.m. ET) The C-17 carrying Stevens' body and the other Americans arrives in Ramstein.

Post-Attack Response and Investigation

Sept. 12: Secretary Clinton announces the death of Stevens and Smith via press release.
Clinton holds a video conference with the entire embassy staff in Tripoli, which by then also included everyone who was evacuated from Beghazi, as reported by CBS News' Margaret Brennan Sept. 14.
Clinton later delivers live remarks from the Treaty Room of the U.S. State Department.
President Obama addresses the public: "Make no mistake, we will work with the Libyan government to bring to justice the killers who attacked our people.

"Since our founding, the United States has been a nation that respects all faiths. We reject all efforts to denigrate the religious beliefs of others. But there is absolutely no justification for this type of senseless violence. ... No acts of terror will ever shake the resolve of this great nation, alter that character or eclipse the light of the values that we stand for."

The president spends time with State Department personnel in an impromptu visit that is closed to the press.
In an interview with President Obama the same day, "60 Minutes" correspondent Steve Kroft presses the president on early accounts that the attack stemmed from a spontaneous protest, saying it didn't "sound like your normal demonstration..”

"We're still investigating exactly what happened," Mr. Obama said. "I don't want to jump the gun on this. But you're right that this is not a situation that was exactly the same as what happened in Egypt. And my suspicion is, is that there are folks involved in this, who were looking to target Americans from the start."

Meanwhile, Clinton visits the Near Eastern Affairs bureau, and the information technology bureau where Sean Smith was assigned, CBS News' Margaret Brennan reports.

Clinton later references the assault as an "attack by a small and savage group."

Meanwhile, senior State Dept. officials share initial details of the attack in Benghazi with members of the press via phone briefing. A senior official says in response to an inquiry about alleged protests outside of consulate that night: "We frankly don't have a full picture of what may have been going on outside of the compound walls before the firing began. ... With regard to whether there is any connection between this Internet activity and this extremist attack in Benghazi, frankly, we just don't know. We're not going to know until we have a chance to investigate."

CBS News' David Martin reports that some U.S. officials already were looking at the attack as a terrorist act, perpetrated by people either associated with or who sympathize with al Qaeda, that took advantage of the protest.

The FBI officially opens an investigation into the deaths of Stevens and the three other Americans killed, as reported by CBS News' Andres Triay and Bob Orr.

Sept. 13: A government official speaking on the condition of anonymity said the FBI is planning to send investigators to Germany to interview U.S. Consulate personnel who were evacuated there, as reported by CBS' Pat Milton.

CBS News' David Martin reports that a radical Islamic group called Ansar al Sharia is the lead suspect in the attack, according to U.S. officials. The name means "Supporters of Islamic law."

Sec. Clinton remains in regular contact with other top officials such as Secretary Panetta and Gen. Dempsey, CBS News' Margaret Brennan reports.

Marine anti-terrorist teams similar to the one sent to Tripoli land in Yemen to protect the U.S. Embassy in Sana'a, reports CBS News' David Martin. There are two more of these teams on standby but so far no plans to send them to particular embassies.

CBS News' Charlie D'Agata gets access to an injured Libyan guard based inside the consulate, who offers a firsthand account of the attack and makes the first mention of Blue Mountain, a British security firm contracted by the State Department that employed Libyans to conduct procedural security measures inside the compound, including x-rays of equipment.

Sept. 14: The bodies of Stevens, Smith, Woods and Doherty are returned to the U.S. They are welcomed in a televised ceremony at Joint Base Andrews. Secretary Clinton publicly denounces the "Innocence of Muslims" video.

CBS News' Brennan reports that Clinton visits the Situation Room and Oval Office "half a dozen times this week" and spends "countless hours" there.

CBS News' Cami McCormick reports on protests outside the U.S. Embassy in Khartoum, Sudan. The number of protestors outside the Khartoum Embassy is estimated at 2,000. Police use tear gas against the stone-throwing protestors. The demonstrators were trying to get in the compound but police held them back.

CBS News' Charlie D'Agata interviews members of the 17th of February Brigade's VIP protection team involved in the evacuation and obtains exclusive photos of an injured American being evacuated to the airport from the annex under the brigade's escort. They put the total number of Americans evacuated from Benghazi at 32.

Sept. 15: CBS News' D'Agata is the first reporter to locate the secret CIA annex in Benghazi. He reports that the roof of the house is covered in mortars. CBS News broadcasts images of the helmets and bloodied flak jackets discovered there.
Sept. 16: U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Susan Rice tells Bob Schieffer on CBS' "Face the Nation" that there is no information that suggests the attack was preplanned.
"We'll want to see the results of that investigation to draw any definitive conclusions. But based on the best information we have to date, what our assessment is as of the present is in fact what began spontaneously in Benghazi as a reaction to what had transpired some hours earlier in Cairo where, of course, as you know, there was a violent protest outside of our embassy ... sparked by this hateful video. But soon after that spontaneous protest began outside of our consulate in Benghazi, we believe that it looks like extremist elements, individuals, joined in that -- in that effort with heavy weapons of the sort that are, unfortunately, readily now available in Libya post-revolution. And that it spun from there into something much, much more violent. ... We do not have information at present that leads us to conclude that this was premeditated or preplanned."

Earlier in that same program, Libyan President Magariaf tells Schieffer that the assault was preplanned and some of the attackers were foreigners.

"The way these perpetrators acted and moved ... this leaves us with no doubt that this has preplanned, determined - predetermined ... It was planned -- definitely, it was planned by foreigners, by people who -- who entered the country a few months ago, and they were planning this criminal act since their -- since their arrival."

Magariaf also claimed "about 50" people had been arrested in connection with the attack.
- Magariaf separately states Ahmed Boukhatala is one of the lead suspects. CBS News interviews Boukhatala over mango juice off camera and admitted he was there that night but denies any involvement in the attack. At that point, he had still not been questioned and was moving freely in Benghazi, challenging Magariaf to "come to my house and arrest me" if he was a suspect.

Sept. 17: FBI officials say that they will not be going to the crime scene until they are sure they have substantial protection.

Sept. 18: Secretary Clinton tells CBS News' Margaret Brennan that the attack was the work of extremists: "Let me assure you that our security in Benghazi included a unit of host government security forces, as well as a local guard force of the kind that we rely on in many places around the world. In addition to the security outside the compound, we relied on a wall and a robust security presence inside the compound. And with all of our missions overseas, in advance of September 11, as is done every year, we did an evaluation on threat streams. And the Office of the Director of National Intelligence has said we had no actionable intelligence that an attack on our post in Benghazi was planned or imminent."

Clinton announces that the FBI has arrived in Libya. The team remains in Tripoli.

- Meanwhile, CBS News' Elizabeth Palmer reports from Benghazi that witnesses say there was no protest outside of the U.S. Consulate in Benghazi on the night of Sept. 11.
Sept. 19: Director of the National Counterterrorism Center Matthew Olsen tells Congress that the Benghazi assault was "a terrorist attack on our embassy. ... We are looking at indications that individuals involved in the attack may have had connections to Al Qaeda or Al Qaeda's affiliates; in particular, Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb."

Sept. 20: House Oversight Committee sends a letter to Secretary Clinton asking for information in regard to the attack.

U.S. State Department spends $70,000 to buy ad time on seven Pakistani TV stations, featuring clips of Secretary of State Clinton and President Obama disavowing the film "Innocence of Muslims." The clips were taken from previous speeches from Mr. Obama and Clinton. Pakistan's government declares a national holiday to protest the film.
The State Department issues an alert warning Americans to avoid nonessential travel to Pakistan as protests are likely to continue and turn violent.

CBS News obtains a memo detailing injuries sustained by DS personnel in Benghazi:
"Special Agent David Ubben, was injured during the attacks on Consulate Benghazi. From the last I have heard, Dave repeatedly entered the burning Consulate to recover injured personnel, was involved in a heavy firefight, and at some point was struck by mortar shrapnel. David has been successfully evacuated to Tripoli, was stabilized and is currently in Germany for more medical treatment. David has suffered a serious compound fracture to his leg and shrapnel injuries to his head. As of our last communication, the doctors are optimistic that his leg will be saved but he may currently have some minor brain injuries. "

Secretary of State Hillary Clinton delivers a closed briefing to Congress.

Sept. 21: Secretary Clinton says "what happened in Benghazi was a terrorist attack," adding "we found the video that's at the core of this series of events offensive, disgusting, reprehensible."

Sept. 28: The Office of the Director of National Intelligence releases the following statement:
"As we learned more about the attack, we revised our initial assessment to reflect new information indicating that it was a deliberate and organized terrorist attack carried out by extremists. It remains unclear if any group or person exercised overall command and control of the attack, and if extremist group leaders directed their members to participate. However, we do assess that some of those involved were linked to groups affiliated with, or sympathetic to al-Qa'ida."

Oct. 1: State Dept. security team reviews security camera footage of the attack in Benghazi for the first time.

Oct. 2: Secretary Clinton announces her appointees to the Accountability Review Board (ARB), which will conduct the probe of the events of Sept. 11. The board begins work the same week.
Oct. 3: Secretary Clinton responds to question from CBS News' Margaret Brennan about claims that Washington denied requests for additional security in Libya:
"Let me start by cautioning everyone against seizing on any single statement or piece of information to draw final conclusions. It's essential that we go through all of the information and the entire context so that we can get a full and complete accurate understanding of what happened. I take this responsibility very seriously, and I believe that our diplomats, our leaders, and the American people deserve a rigorous, serious, careful process ... no one wants the answers more than we do here at the department. And now based on the reviews so far, we're developing a better understanding of what happened, but we have a lot of work to do to give complete and accurate responses to all the questions and statements that are swirling out there."

Oct. 4: CBS News' Bob Orr reports the FBI arrived at the consulate in Benghazi, where it conducted an examination, collecting evidence and documentation to the extent possible given the time elapsed from the incident.

Oct. 5: CBS News' Sharyl Attkisson reports on questions over whether the Benghazi compound was adequately secured:
-- Lt. Colonel Andy Wood who headed the Site Security Team in Libya said U.S. diplomatic personnel in Libya repeatedly requested increased security, but the State Department in Washington DC denied those requests.

-- Wood said his team and a six-member mobile security deployment team were pulled from Libya in August, and that two other MSD's also left between February and August.
-- Congress and others say there were 13 threats and attacks leading up to the September 11 assault.
Oct. 8: In an interview with CBS News' Attkisson, Lt. Col. Wood says there was "pressure to reduce the number of security people" in Libya, starting shortly after his arrival in February.

The State Department told CBS News' State Dept. correspondent Margaret Brennan that despite the withdrawal of Wood's security support team, it had "no impact whatsoever on the total number of fully trained American security personnel in Libya overall or in Benghazi specifically."

In addition, the State Dept. said Wood was stationed in Tripoli and was not a part of the assessment of security in Benghazi.

Brennan also first reports that there is video evidence of the assault in Benghazi and that it is now in the hands of government investigators.

Oct 9: Two senior U.S. State Dept officials share a timeline of events.

Oct. 10: The House Oversight and Government Reform Committee holds a hearing into the attack, with testimony from Lt. Col. Wood, former regional security officer in Libya Eric Nordstrom, State Department's deputy assistant director for international programs Charlene Lamb and State Department's Under Secretary of State for Management Patrick Kennedy.

Lawmakers questioned the pre-attack security levels and the government's initial linking of the attack to the anti-Muslim film.
Meanwhile, Colonel Hamid Hassi, a senior Libyan army officer, tells CBS News' Elizabeth Palmer that he believes American intelligence knows exactly where Ansar al Sharia, the group linked to the attack, are.

Hassi said a drone strike would be a mistake, and that any strike would have to have to come from "our side," or there would be huge problems between the U.S. and Libya.

Oct. 15: In an interview with CBS News' Margaret Brennan, Secretary Clinton first acknowledges that the State Dept. considered using outside assets to rescue those under siege in Benghazi but decided against it: "Well we considered everything and, um, we did as you know send additional assets from Tripoli. But it was a fast moving, very difficult assault to try to figure out. As you know, the assault on the post ended, there was a gap of time, then the assault on the annex, um, so everybody who had any responsibility was scrambling very hard to figure out what more could be done."

Brennan: Why not send assets from outside of the country in addition to those coming in from Tripoli?

Clinton: "Well partly because of the difficulties of trying to do that but I think all of this will be examined in the accountability review board because after all we have this independent board to sort through everything."

Clinton also says that she did not speak with or brief Ambassador Susan Rice before her television appearances on Sept 16.

"She got the same information that everyone got and I think she very clearly said here's what we know now but this is going to change. This is what we have at present but it will evolve and the intelligence community as said the same thing."

Clinton also says that she accepts responsibility for what happens at the State department.
Oct 16: CBS News' Sharyl Attkisson and David Martin confirm that unarmed Predator drones were moved to fly over Benghazi during the attack.

Oct. 19: In the weeks before his death, Stevens sent the State Department several requests for increased security for diplomats in Libya, CBS News' Attkisson reports.
Oct. 20: CBS News' Attkisson reports no outside U.S. military help was sent to Benghazi despite the presence of a major naval air base in Sigonella, Italy, less than one hour's flight away.

Oct. 23: CBS News' Attkisson obtains some of the government's first internal emergency alerts sent during the assault.

"As the assault began, at 4:05p eastern time on September 11, an alert from the State Department Operations Center was issued to various government emergency watch lists including the White House Situation Room (, the office of the Director of National Intelligence (, and the FBI ( Entitled "US Diplomatic Mission in Benghazi Under Attack," the alert reports "approximately 20 armed people fired shots; explosions have been heard as well. Ambassador Stevens, who is currently in Benghazi, and four COM (Chief of Mission/embassy) personnel are in the compound safe haven."
Another alert an hour later reports: "the firing... has stopped...A response team is on site attempting to locate COM personnel."

At 6:07 p.m. ET, an alert was sent with the subject heading "Ansar al-Sharia Claims Responsibilty for Benghazi Attack." The Embassy in Tripoli, says the alert, reports the group "claimed responsibility on Facebook and Twitter and has called for an attack on Embassy Tripoli." That alert was sent around midnight in Benghazi, hours before the wave of mortar attacks against the CIA annex began.

Oct. 24: CBS News' Andres Triay confirms that government investigators are in possession of footage from security cameras at the U.S. compound. The quality is said to be "decent."

CBS News' Margaret Brennan reports that the footage had been in Libyan custody for "weeks" until it was handed over to U.S. government investigators. Brennan also confirms that there was no live video feed of the attack in Benghazi that was being viewed at Diplomatic Security headquarters during the night of the attack.
CBS News' David Martin and Andres Triay confirm the arrest of a Tunisian suspect in Turkey who is believed to be involved with the attack.

Nov. 1: CBS News' Sharyl Attkisson reports that the Obama administration did not convene its top interagency counterterrorism resource - the Counterterrorism Security Group - during the Benghazi attack.

"The CSG is the one group that's supposed to know what resources every agency has. They know of multiple options and have the ability to coordinate counterterrorism assets across all the agencies," a high-ranking government official told CBS News. "They were not allowed to do their job. They were not called upon."

As to why the Counterterrorism Security Group was not convened, National Security Council Spokesman Tommy Vietor told CBS News: "From the moment the President was briefed on the Benghazi attack, the response effort was handled by the most senior national security officials in governments. Members of the CSG were of course involved in these meetings and discussions to support their bosses."

Attkisson also reported on a draft letter obtained by, written the very day of the Benghazi attack, that someone on the U.S. team in Benghazi apparently  spotted a suspicious member of the local police force photographing the inside of the U.S. mission. The letter, intended for the head of the Libyan Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Benghazi, called for an investigation. It's not clear if it was ever sent.
Another draft letter written two days before complained of an inadequate local police presence around the compound, requested ahead of Stevens' visit.

Nov.8: Senate Intelligence Committee announces a closed hearing on the Benghazi attack will be held Nov. 15. Among those invited to testify are Director of National Intelligence James Clapper, CIA Director Gen. David Petraeus, FBI Deputy Director Sean Joyce, Under Secretary of State Patrick Kennedy and National Counterterrorism Center Director Matthew Olsen.

Nov. 14: President Obama defends U.N. Ambassador Susan Rice at the first press conference since his re-election, calling attacks on her handling of the Benghazi attack "outrageous."
"If Senator McCain and Senator Graham and others want to go after somebody, they should go after me," he said. "And I'm happy to have that discussion with them. But for them to go after the U.N. ambassador? Who had nothing to do with Benghazi? And was simply making a presentation based on intelligence that she had received? To besmirch her reputation is outrageous."
It is confirmed Petraeus is still scheduled to testify Nov. 16, despite his resignation from the CIA amid news of an extramarital affair.

Nov. 15: CBS News obtained the CIA talking points given to U.N. Ambassador Susan Rice on Sept. 15 regarding the attack. The CIA reports that the assault appeared to be "spontaneously inspired" by the protests against the YouTube movie and that "there are indications that extremists participated in the violent demonstrations." The talking points also said the investigation as ongoing and their assessment of the events from that night may change.

Lawmakers got their first look at video recorded by security cameras at the consulate on the night of the attack. CBS News' David Martin reports that a U.S. intelligence official said the video shows no sign the assault arose out of a demonstration. But the classified video, shown to the House and Senate Intelligence Committees, also indicates the attack, though intentional, was not well planned. The video makes clear the attackers did not know the layout of the compound.

Video of the second attack on a CIA annex about a mile from the consulate shows a more organized assault. The first attack created an opportunity for the second attack, but whether it was planned that way all along is not clear.

Nov. 16: Former CIA Director David Petraeus gave closed-door briefings to Congress on the Sept. 11 attack on the U.S. consulate in Benghazi, Libya, and when exactly U.S. officials knew there were terrorist elements involved.

After the hearing, Democrats and Republicans disputed whether Petraeus has been consistent in his testimony, and whether the CIA talking points on the attack were altered. The CIA talking points are a source of controversy because U.N. Ambassador Susan Rice used them to describe the nature of the attack on CBS' "Face the Nation" and other shows on Sept. 16. Republicans have attacked Rice, who is considered a possible nominee to replace Hillary Clinton as secretary of state, for suggesting the attack was the result of spontaneous protests.

Nov. 27: U.N. Ambassador Susan Rice met with some of her harshest critics on Capitol Hill, including Sen John McCain, R-Ariz., and Sen. Lindsey Graham, R-S.C., to explain her initial remarks on the attack.

The meeting did not appear to resolve anything, with Graham saying he was "more disturbed now than I was before," and McCain saying he was "significantly troubled by many of the answers that we got and some that we didn't get."
In a statement released after the meeting, Rice detailed her meeting with the senators, and says she and CIA Director Michael Morell "explained that the talking points provided by the intelligence community, and the initial assessment upon which they were based, were incorrect in a key respect: there was no protest or demonstration in Benghazi."

"While we certainly wish that we had had perfect information just days after the terrorist attack, as is often the case, the intelligence assessment has evolved," she said. "We stressed that neither I nor anyone else in the Administration intended to mislead the American people at any stage in this process, and the Administration updated Congress and the American people as our assessments evolved."

Dec. 5: One of the only known suspects held in the attack on a U.S. consulate in Libya wants any interrogation by the FBI to take place in a Tunisian judge's office with his attorneys present, one of his lawyers said.

Ali Harzi, a Tunisian, was detained in Turkey and extradited to Tunisia in October where authorities have said he is "strongly suspected" of being involved in attack. Harzi has been charged with "membership of a terrorist organization," and FBI investigators have expressed interest in interviewing him.

U.S. officials have said that Harzi is not considered to be one of the ring leaders of the Benghazi attack, CBS News national security correspondent David Martin reports.
Dec. 11: It was revealed that Senators were told at a closed-door hearing before the Intelligence Committee that State Department personnel under attack on Sept. 11 at the U.S. consulate in Benghazi, Libya, didn't fire a single shot in their defense.

According to a source who attended the hearing, committee chairman Sen. Dianne Feinstein, D-Calif., repeatedly pressed State Department under secretary Patrick Kennedy on whether diplomatic security agents were under instructions not to fire their weapons. Kennedy reportedly testified that no such orders were given; but he confirmed that, indeed, no shots were fired by State Department personnel.

Dec. 13: U.N. ambassador Susan Rice officially withdrew her name from consideration to replace Hillary Clinton as secretary of state, citing in a letter to President Obama the "lengthy, disruptive and costly" nominating process she was sure to face if tapped for the job -- a disruption she argued the nation "cannot afford."

Rice, who was considered a top contender for the position, has been recently embroiled in ongoing controversy surrounding her account of Benghazi attacks, which she discussed in a series of talk show appearances on September 16. In her letter to the president today, Rice said she was "saddened" that the position had become so politicized, but argued Congress has more important battles to fight.

Dec. 15: The State Dept. announced Secretary of State Hillary Clinton will not testify before Congress on the Benghazi attacks anytime soon, despite previous assurances to the contrary, because she had fainted and suffered a concussion.

Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, R-Fla., chair of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, released a statement expressing concern that testimony from Thomas Nides and William Burns - the secretary's deputies who will take her place - will not be sufficient.

Dec. 18: An independent panel charged with investigating the deadly Sept. 11 attack in Libya that killed a U.S. ambassador and three other Americans concluded that "systemic" management and leadership failures at the State Department led to "grossly" inadequate security at the mission in Benghazi.

"Systemic failures and leadership and management deficiencies at senior levels within two bureaus of the State Department resulted in a Special Mission security posture that was inadequate for Benghazi and grossly inadequate to deal with the attack that took place," the panel said.

The report (PDF) singled out the Bureau of Diplomatic Security and the Bureau of Near East Affairs, saying there appeared to be a lack of cooperation and confusion over protection at the mission in Benghazi.

Despite those failures, the Accountability Review Board determined that no individual officials ignored or violated their duties and recommended no disciplinary action now. But it also said poor performance by senior managers should be grounds for disciplinary recommendations in the future.
Dec. 19: Four State Department officials resignedafter independent review of security lapses at the U.S. Consulate in Benghazi.

The State Department's chief of security Eric Boswell, his deputy Charlene Lamb, an official in the Near East Division that oversees Libya, and yet another official all resigned.

Career diplomat Thomas Pickering, who ran the review board that produced the report, said: "Frankly, the State Department had not given Benghazi the security, both physical and personnel resources, it needed."

Dec. 20: State Department officials acknowledged that "mistakes occurred"regarding the security situation in Libya, and pledged the department is taking immediate action to correct "systemic problems" that may have prevented the department from preempting the attacks.

"We've learned some very hard, and painful lessons in Benghazi, and all are acting on them," said William Burns, deputy secretary of state, during testimony before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. "We have to do better. We owe it to our colleagues who lost their lives in Benghazi."

Burns and Thomas Nides, deputy secretary of state for management and resources, testified before House and Senate committees about what went wrong -- and what is being done going forward to prevent similar breaches of security.

In their Senate testimonies, both Nides and Burns conceded the department's mistakes on Benghazi, but stressed the hard work of officials who maintain the peace "99 percent" of the time.

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