Monday, July 4, 2011

Mustafa Abdel Jalil Head of the Libyan NTC


Mustafa Abdel Jalil, head of the Libyan National Transitional Council, says Gaddafi can retire under international supervision; rebel proposal made a month ago via UN, no response yet; says no aspirations to lead Libya himself

Libya's rebel chief told Reuters on Sunday Muammar Gaddafi was welcome to retire on Libyan soil as long as he resigns formally and agrees to international supervision of his movements.

Libyan rebels and their Western allies have rejected any solution to the conflict that does not include Gaddafi's resignation, saying he must quit before any peace talks can begin.

Gaddafi has fiercely resisted all international calls on him to go, vowing to fight to the end.

Speaking in his stronghold of Benghazi, rebel leader Mustafa Abdel Jalil -- Gaddafi's former justice minister -- said he made the proposal about a month ago through the United Nations but had yet to receive any response from Tripoli.

"As a peaceful solution, we offered that he can resign and order his soldiers to withdraw from their barracks and positions, and then he can decide either to stay in Libya or abroad," he said in an interview.

"If he desires to stay in Libya, we will determine the place and it will be under international supervision. And there will be international supervision of all his movements," he said.

He added: "We offered this through a U.N. envoy. We haven't received any answer." He said the rebel council believed Gaddafi could be held in a military barracks or "a civilian building" in Libya, but gave no details.

There was no immediate reaction from Tripoli to Abdel Jalil's remarks but Gaddafi has so far shown no sign of backing down. He says he is the legitimate leader of the North African nation and will not leave Tripoli without a fight.

The conflict appears to be deadlocked both militarily and politically despite moves by Western powers to step up their bombing campaign against Gaddafi's installations across the desert country.

With the war dragging into a fifth month, there have been moves by some nations to try to mediate a face-saving solution that would suit both the rebels and the Tripoli government. So far these initiatives have failed.

Escalating his rhetoric, Gaddafi has threatened to attack Europeans in their homes in response to NATO air strikes.

The rebels in Benghazi, a Mediterranean city now festooned with NATO and Libyan monarchy-era flags, say the end to Gaddafi's 41-year rule is near.

Sitting underneath a giant rebel flag in his modestly furnished office in central Benghazi, Abdel Jalil was unfazed when asked if he saw himself as Libya's future leader.
"No. I don't hope to be in this position. I am here for the transitional period," he said. "The leader will be decided through elections. And I don't intend to run myself."


The soft-spoken Abdel Jalil earned the respect of many east Libyans for opposing Gaddafi's harsh line against political opponents.

He resigned from his ministerial post at the start of the revolt over what he saw as the excessive use of violence against protesters rallying against the veteran Libyan leader.
Seen also as a consensus builder who has leaned towards talks before, he said the rebel authority was determined to give negotiations a chance.

"We welcome political solutions to stop bloodshed and avoid any further devastation and damage for the country," said Abdel Jalil. "But if we find no solution then we will focus on military action."

Outgunned by Gaddafi's better-equipped troops, rebel forces have struggled to make progress in past weeks but managed to advance briefly to within 80 km (50 miles) of Tripoli before being forced into a retreat on Friday.

Rebels say they see no settlement under which Gaddafi or his entourage would be allowed to stay in Libya's political arena after four decades of what they describe as severe repression and abuse of basic human rights.

Jalil said his vision for a new Libya involved building a democratic state that was respectful of its Islamic traditions.

He said he was determined to lead the country towards a post-transitional period when Libyans would be able to choose their new leader through free and fair elections.

"Libya will be a free, democratic Islamic country," he said. "It will be run in accordance with the moderate standards of Islam, it will ban murder of civilians and will not rob people of their money."

The following editorial first appeared in the Los Angeles Times:

Moammar Gadhafi is a fitting target for the arrest warrant issued against him by the International Criminal Court. Whatever one’s opinion of the court — and the Los Angeles Times’ editorial board has been divided on the subject — the charges lodged against the Libyan strongman and two relatives dramatize the worldwide condemnation of Gadhafi’s war against his own people. He is now formally what he has been in fact since the Arab Spring came to Libya: an outlaw.

The grounds for the warrant, according to the court, are that Gadhafi allegedly committed crimes against humanity — specifically murder and persecution. Judges said there was sufficient evidence that he, his son and his brother-in-law ordered the killing and imprisonment of hundreds of civilians in February.

But although the charges against Gadhafi bring moral clarity to the discussion of his conduct, we’re sorry the court went through with them. We take this view not because of any particular doubts about Gadhafi’s guilt but because the warrants against him and his relatives could complicate efforts to reach a political solution under which he would step down. The International Crisis Group, a nonprofit organization that aims to resolve international conflicts, stated the problem clearly: “To insist that he both leave the country and face trial in the International Criminal Court is virtually to ensure that he will stay in Libya to the bitter end and go down fighting.”

A political solution is an option NATO and the United States should keep on the table, offensive as the idea of Gadhafi enjoying a pleasant retirement may be.

In the absence of such a deal, it’s not all that unlikely that Gadhafi would end up killed in one of NATO’s air raids. That would be too bad, partly because the NATO mission is ostensibly intended to protect civilians, but also because Gadhafi is not Osama bin Laden, and his killing would no doubt lead to widespread criticism. Better to seek a negotiated settlement.

How to deal with dictators guilty of human rights abuses is a familiar dilemma, pitting those who prize justice above all against pragmatists who believe that exile for a despicable leader — even exile in comfort — is preferable to continued oppression and violence. There is no single right answer, but in the case of Libya, a political settlement that ensured the departure of Gadhafi — international outlaw or not — would be justified.

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